Denver Gold and Silver Exchange
5475 Leetsdale Dr Suite 210
Denver, Colorado 80246
Monday - Saturday 10 am to 5 pm
Sundays by Appointment Only
Call anytime - leave a message: Main Number: 303-333-1411
surface wear on a coin, token or medal caused by friction between
it and the tray or envelope in which it is contained.
The United States
one-cent coin is a unit of currency equaling
one one-hundredth of a United States dollar. Its symbol is:
¢. Its obverse has featured the profile of President Abraham Lincoln
since 1909, the centennial of his birth. From 1959 (the sesquicentennial
of Lincoln's birth) to 2008, the reverse featured the Lincoln Memorial.
2009 will see several designs to honor Lincoln's 200th birthday,
while the coin will be re-designed in 2010. The coin is 0.75 inches
(19.05 mm) in diameter and 0.061 inches (1.55 mm) in thickness.
info on cent/penny]
On modern paper money, used as a cross reference for the plate number
which appears on the margin of a currency sheet and which is trimmed
from the note before it enters circulation to identify the printing
plate from which the note came. On the obverse, the check number
is a letter and number combination appearing in lower right corner;
on the reverse, it is a number only appearing at the lower right.
Often incorrectly called the plate number.
chop mark (shroff mark)
A small punched impression applied by Chinese (chop) or Indian (shroff)
banks or change offices to attest to the full weight and metallic
content of a coin.
Civil War tokens
Privately-issued emergency coin-like tokens, the approximate size
of current U.S. cents, which circulated during the Civil War because
of a scarcity of small change. Two major types were issued: patriotic
tokens, with patriotic themes; and store cards, advertising pieces
often carrying the issuer's name, address and type of business or
services. See also token.
Composite coinage metal strip composed of a core, usually of a base
metal such as copper, and surface layers of more valuable metal,
silver (or sometimes copper-nickel). Cladding is a cost-saving measure,
making coins cheaper to produce while maintaining a desired appearance.
Sometimes used to denote an incomplete planchet coin; in earlier
days, clipping was a process of shaving edges of coins to remove
small amounts of metal for illegal gain (which gave rise to lettered
or reeded edges).
See Treasury note.
Usually a piece of metal, marked with a device, issued by a governing
authority and intended to be used as money.
A retaining ring die within which the coin dies operate; the collar
forms the edge design of the piece such as reeding or lettering.
Refers to coins or paper money issued by the Colonial governments
of the 13 British Colonies that became the United States. See "state
A piece issued to mark, honor or observe an anniversary, other event,
place or person, or to preserve its memory.
compound-interest Treasury note
A type of U.S. paper money authorized in 1863 and 1864; they brought
6 percent interest, and were to be redeemed three years after issue.
Term introduced by Dr. William H. Sheldon to denote the finest specimen
and average condition of next five finest known of a given variety
of large cents. Catalogers are gradually extending the use of the
term to other series.
contact marks, bag marks
Minor abrasions on an otherwise Uncirculated coin, caused by handling
in Mint-sewn bags and contact with other surfaces. Sometimes called
paper money issued by the authority of the Continental Congress
during the Revolutionary War. See also currency.
A dollar-sized pattern struck in 1776 as a proposed coinage.
Constitution - We the People 2 coin set: The 1987 Constitution
$5 Gold was issued along with a silver dollar coin to mark the
200th anniversary of the United States Constitution. The coins were
authorized to have a mintage of up to 10,000,000 silver dollars and
1,000,000 gold coins. While mintages fell short of the maximum,
sales were still relatively strong, especially for the gold coin.
COPE, COPE PAK
Acronyms used at Bureau of Engraving and Printing for Currency Overprinting
and Processing Equipment and Currency Overprinting and Processing
Equipment, Packaging. Machines used to apply overprinting of seals,
serial numbers and Federal Reserve index numbers to 16-note half
sheets of paper money; then the COPE cuts the half sheets into single
notes, bundles them into 100-note packages with a paper band, and
into larger plastic-wrapped packages.
Coinage alloy composed of copper and nickel in varying amounts.
A reproduction or imitation of an original.
Style of Liberty Head used on U.S. copper and gold coins for much
of the 19th century. Liberty wears a coronet (most depicting the
An object made to imitate a genuine numismatic piece with intent
to deceive or defraud, irrespective of whether the intended fraud
is primarily monetary or numismatic.
A general term embracing most silver coins from about 20 to 30 grams
in weight and from about 33 to 42 millimeters in size. The term
has become applicable also to most nickel alloy coins of the same
range of size and weight. Coins of 43 or more millimeters in diameter
are said to be multiple crowns.
A form of die break that leaves a shapeless lump of metal on part
of a coin.
Copper-nickel; term often employed by the government.
Applies to both coins and paper money. Many use the word currency
for paper money only. Currency is legal tender.
Coins and paper money in circulation.