Denver Coin Store

Home | About Us | Search Denver Coins
Hot New Items | Sales and Discounts | Free Coin Offers

Denver Coins Blue Bar

Denver Coin Store

Ancient Coins
Gold & Silver Jewelry
Coin Glossary
Denver Coin Store
History of Gold

United States Coins

American Gold Eagles
American Platinum Eagles
American Silver Eagles
Gold and Silver Bullion
Bullion Metals
Cent
Nickel
Dime
Quarter
Half-Dollars
Dollar
United States Gold
One Dollar Gold
Silver Dollar
Two and half Gold Dollar
Five Dollar Gold
Ten Dollar Gold
Twenty Dollar Gold
Twenty-Five Dollar Gold
Fifty Dollar Gold
Obsolete United State coins
United States Coins
United States Mints
Rare United State Coins
Coin Supplies

 

Denver Gold and Silver Exchange --> Gold Bullion --> American Gold Buffalo

Denver Gold and Silver
5475 Leetsdale Dr Suite 210

Denver, Colorado 80246

Main Number: 303-333-1411

Cash for Gold and Silver   
Main Number: 303-333-1411

We carry American Gold Buffalo

Open Monday - Friday from 9 am to 6 pm Call anytime - leave a message: 303-333-1411

The American Buffalo, also known as a gold buffalo, is a 24-karat bullion coin first offered for sale by the United States Mint on June 22, 2006, and available for shipment beginning on July 13. The coin follows the greatly admired design of the Indian Head nickel and has gained its nickname from the American Bison on the reverse side of the design. This was the first time ever that the United States Government has minted pure (.9999) 24-karat gold coins for the public.[1] The coin has a legal tender (face) value of US$50. Due to a combination of the coin's popularity and the tremendous increase in the price of gold since its creation the coin's value has increased considerably in a short time of just a few years. The initial 2006 U.S. Mint price of the proof coin was $800.[2]. In 2007 the Mint proof coin was $899.95[3], $1,410.00 in 2009, [3] and $2,010.00 in 2011. [4]

In addition to requiring a presidential dollar coin series to begin in 2007 and redesigning the cent in 2009, the Presidential $1 Coin Act of 2005 mandated the production of a one-ounce 24-karat gold bullion coin with a face value of $50 and a mintage limit of up to 300,000 coins.

Design

The design of the American Buffalo gold bullion coin is a modified version of James Earle Fraser's design for the Indian Head nickel (Type 1), issued in early 1913. After a raised mound of dirt below the animal on the reverse was reduced, the Type 2 variation continued to be minted for the rest of 1913 and every year until 1938, except for 1922, 1932, and 1933 when no nickels were struck. Generally, Fraser's Indian Head nickel design is regarded as among the best designs of any U.S. coins. The same design also was used on the 2001 Smithsonian commemorative coin.

The obverse (front) of the coin depicts a Native American, whom Fraser said he created as a mixture of the features of three chiefs from different American Indian tribes, Big Tree, Iron Tail, and Two Moons, who posed as models for him to sketch.

Atop a mound of dirt on the reverse (back) of the coin stands an American Bison, which commonly are referred to as buffalo. The animal depicted on the reverse is believed by most to be the bison named Black Diamond, who lived in the New York City Central Park Zoo during the 1910s. It is said that Fraser had to have someone distract the buffalo while he sneaked to a position beside it to draw. Otherwise, the buffalo would turn to face him and Fraser couldn't get the profile he wanted.

Differences that can be noted between the nickel and the fifty dollar piece are, on the gold American Buffalo coin the mound area of the reverse of the Indian Head nickel bearing the words, FIVE CENTS, has been changed to read $50 1 OZ. .9999 FINE GOLD. Also, the motto, IN GOD WE TRUST, appearing on all U.S. gold coins since 1908, can be seen on the reverse of the newer coin to the left of, and beneath, the buffalo's head.
Fractional sizes

The U.S. Mint has indicated an expansion of the program, to include buffalo gold coins in fractional sizes. The specially-packaged 8-8-08 Double Prosperity set contains a one-half ounce gold buffalo coin.[5]

Distribution

Currently, all U.S. bullion coins, including the American Buffalo gold piece, are being struck at the West Point Mint in New York. According to the U.S. Mint website, only the proof version of the buffalo gold coin bears the mint mark "W" on the obverse (front) of the coin, behind the neck of the Indian; the bullion version does not have the "W" mint mark. The 2006 and 2007 coins only have been issued in a one-ounce version, but in 2008, $5, $10, and $25 face value coins were minted with 1/10 oz, 1/4 oz, and 1/2 oz of gold respectively.

After a long wait by both collectors and investors, the uncirculated version of the American Buffalo gold piece was made available to coin dealers on June 20, 2006. Collectors who wanted to purchase the proof version from the mint were given the opportunity to place their orders with the mint beginning on July 22. The 2006 proof quality coin has a strict mintage limit of 300,000, with an additional enforced limit of only ten (10) coins per household. The catalog number of the 2006 proof coin at the U.S. Mint is (BA6).

The coin was created in order to compete with foreign 24-karat gold bullion coins. Since investors sometimes prefer 99.99% pure gold over the 91.67% gold used in the American Gold Eagle, many were choosing non-U.S. coins, such as the Canadian Gold Maple Leaf, to meet their bullion needs. With the American Buffalo coin, the U.S. government hopes to increase the amount of U.S. gold sales and cash in on the 24-karat sales, which makes up about 60% of the world gold market.

On July 22, the mint transferred two of the American Buffalo coins to the Smithsonian Institution's coin collection because of their historic value.

 

 

Denver Coins Left Bar - bottom page

Denver Coins - Right Image